WDACL 2009. THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISES COULD PUSH MORE CHILDREN AT RISK OF BECOMING CHILD LABOURERS
This year, has been celebrated the tenth anniversary of the ILO convention Nr. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, a convention that has been rapidly ratified by most countries. WDACL 2009 is focused on girls child labourers as ILO says that the global financial crisis could push more children, in particulate girls to become child labour. The ILO report Give girls a chance - tackling child labour, a key to the futures says that around 100 million girls are involved in child labour worldwide.
Girls have less opportunity to access education then boys. Parents, who are pushed into poverty and could not afford to send all kids to school, then the daughters, are those who lose out. According to the global literacy statistics, two out of three persons who are unable to read and write are women. During the financial crisis, the government make budget cuts, and cutting the education budget could lead to children dropping out of school.
Girls work is often hidden from the outside world as they work in home-based workshops, small-scale farmers, domestic work or are trafficked for prostitution. They are often subjected to brutal treatment and sexual abuse. Usually, daughters have more duties in their own household then the sons do. About two thirds of girls aged 5-14 work in agriculture and about 20 million are employed in manufacturing producing footballs, hand-rolled cigarettes, toys, garments, etc. ILO estimates at leas 1.8 million children worldwide are exploited in pornography and commercial sex.
HIV/AIDS epidemic leave many children without parents who have to enter the labour market prematurely. UNAIDS estimates that 12 million children under 18 years old lost one or both parents in sub-Saharan Africa.
On June 12, “Haba na Haba” Band of young musicians from Kenya, who developed their musical skills within the ILO-IPEC Programme, opened the special Session of the ILC that has marked the WDACL and the tenths anniversary of the ILO Convention No. 182.